How to treat and prevent blackheads
Written by Gigi, The Esthy
Blackheads can form when pores become clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells. They have an open surface which creates oxidation that's dark in color. People who have oily skin are more prone to them but really, anyone can get them. But the question you might be wondering is, how do you keep them away? Keep scrolling for my step by step guide to treating and preventing blackheads.
1) It all starts with the most important step in caring for your skin, the cleanse!
While cleansing your face might seem like the simplest step, there actually is a “right way” to do it.
To cleanse begin with a damp face, place a couple pumps of cleanser in your hands and rub together. (Gel or foam cleanser works well for most skin, but for oily or breakout prone skin, use a cleanser with salicylic acid.) Then, apply the cleanser to your face by massaging onto skin for about a minute. Start with just your damp face, because starting with less water allows the cleanser to attach to dirt first, then add a little water to build up a nice foamy slip, and massage for another minute or so using light pressure and soft circles. Pay extra attention to problems areas, like your t-zone and hairline, where extra dirt and oil tends to build up. Splash face liberally with water and use a clean washcloth to make sure all of the cleanser and dirt has been removed.
2) Detox with a weekly mask.
When it comes to blackheads, avoid trying to squeeze them out as this usually makes them worse or cause scarring! I know it can be tempting, but in the long run you’ll thank yourself. Nothing zaps stubborn blackheads better than a mask. Choose masks that have clay or charcoal, or are labeled as clarifying, purifying, detoxifying or deep pore cleansing. These kinds of masks will focus on drawing out impurities that cause blackheads. When applying these masks, apply only to your t-zone and areas where blackheads are a concern. Be sure not to leave the mask on longer than recommended as it may cause skin to become overly dry or dehydrating!
3) Make sure to moisturize and hydrate.
Keeping your skin moisturized is key to minimizing blackheads. Avoiding oil completely will backfire and lead to dry tight blackheads, the worst kind to have. Use a lightweight or oil free moisturizer twice a day, after you cleanse your face. And remember to drink plenty of water throughout the day, internal hydration is very important for skin health.
Blackheads are super common in teen skin, but with these three simple steps you can keep them to a minimum!